Autism Spectrum Disorders
Autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) are a group of developmental disabilities that can cause significant social, communication and behavioral challenges. People with ASDs handle information in their brain differently than other people. The CDC estimates that about 1 in 88 children has been identified with an autism spectrum disorder (ASD). There are three different types of ASDs:
Autistic Disorder (also called Autism)
People with autistic disorder usually have significant language delays, social and communication challenges, and unusual behaviors and interests. Many people with autistic disorder also have intellectual disability.
People with Asperger syndrome usually have some milder symptoms of autistic disorder. They might have social challenges and unusual behaviors and interests. However, they typically do not have problems with language and usually have a higher intellectual ability than most people.
Pervasive Developmental Disorder – Not Otherwise Specified (PDD-NOS)
People who meet some of the criteria for autistic disorder or Asperger syndrome, but not all, may be diagnosed with PDD-NOS. People with PDD-NOS usually have fewer and milder symptoms than those with autistic disorder. The symptoms might cause only social and communication challenges.
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